Masjid al-Quba

The mosque of Quba is the first mosque to be ever built. Its magnificent structure stands in the outskirts of the city Madinah. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) and his companion on the journey, Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) stayed at Quba on the way to their emigration from Makkah to Madinah. Fourteen years after prophethood, the arrival of Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) in Madinah marked the beginning of the Islamic calendar. The foundation of Quba, the oldest mosque in Saudi Arabia, was first laid by the Holy Prophet (pbuh) himself. His (pbuh) companions later on brought the structure of the mosque to its completion.

The mosque of Quba holds a great place in the history of Islam and is one of the most prominent Islamic structures. It’s a place of piety and worship, a place where the Muslims gather in submission and in accordance to Allah’s commands, the first of its kind. The Holy Quran mentions the virtue of the mosque in the following Quranic verse; “…certainly a masjid founded on piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should stand in it…” [9:108]. The Prohpet (pbuh) spent more than 20 nights after emigrating from Makkah and prayed qasr prayer (a short prayer) while he waited for Hazrat Ali (ra). The blessings for a believer who prays at the mosque of Quba are immense. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) said, “He who purifies himself at his home and comes to Masjid Quba and offers two rakats therein, will be rewarded the reward of an Umrah (lesser pilgrimage).” The mosque of Quba, built on piety and devoutness, has many blessings and rewards for a believer.

The architecture of the Quba mosque which stands today is different from the one which was originally established. Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil was commissioned in the 1980s to renovate the mosque, preferably incorporating the old structure in to the new one. However, this was not to be the case. The old structure had to be torn down and a new structure of the Quba mosque stands before us today. The structure has a modest white exterior and is ribbed with domes to keep it in line with the Madinah architecture in general.

The mosque of Quba is a significant landmark in the history of Islam. It is a place of piety and chastity. All the Muslims who go to perform Umrah or Hajj visit this mosque and reap its rewards. It is a place of bliss and the first mosque in the history of the world.